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SSAT考试180组类比关系总结

2016-03-02来源: 互联网浏览量:
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  离本周六的SSAT考试只剩下几天时间啦,最后关头当然是要背点能提分的。本文第一部分小编为大家总结了十三大类类比关系;第二部分为大家介绍了类比关系在不知道单词具体意思时能采取哪些技巧。背到就是分啊,赶紧学起来吧!

  一、类比关系总结

  (一)组成关系

  1. tile: mosaic :: stitch: sampler ( 二重对应:皆有图案感)

  2. wire: filigree :: thread : lace ( 二重对应:皆有图案感)

  3. groove: striated :: strand : braided (groove 条形槽,

  striated 刻有条纹的; strand 绳子的一股,braided编成的)

  4. symbols: rebus :: notes: score (notes音符,score 乐谱)

  5. clay: porcelain :: flax: linen (flax亚麻,linen纱布)

  6. ceramic: mosaic :: cloth: patchwork(拼接物) ::wood:parquetry

  7. flowers : bouquet :: logs: woodpile (皆有一根一根集成一束的感觉)

  8.reports(files) : dossier :: teachers :faculty ::customers: clientele (注意

  都是后者是前者的总称,且前者可数复数,后者不可数)

  9. word : charade(字谜):: story:mime(滑稽喜剧)

  10. pillar: colonnade:: person: queue::tone(note): chord

  (chord: three or more musical tones soundedsimultaneously)

  11. tree: forestry :: flower: horticulture

  12. intimates: clique:: sheep:flock

  (二)种属关系

  1. alcove: recess(缺陷的总称)::dome/thatch: roof :: turret: tower

  2. subsidy: support :: debt : obligation (前者范畴小,后者范畴大,且均为财政范畴,二重对应)

  3. lullaby: song :: diatribe: discourse

  4. four-poster: bed :: convertible:automobile

  5. portrait: painting :: biography: history(且都是对人的描写)

  6. mercenary(雇佣兵):soldier :: hack(雇佣文人):writer

  7. discography(唱片目录): list(目录):: hoe:tool

  8. trumpet(小号): horn(号角)::tambourine(架子鼓):drum

  9. limerick : poem :: lampoon: satire

  10. salt: seasoning(调味品)

  11. flint(打火石): stone

  12. tulip: bulb(块茎植物)

  13. tourquoise: gem :: violet : flower

  (三)动宾关系

  1. nurture: child :: cultivate: crop

  2. accelerate: speed :: prolong: duration

  3. equivocate: commitment::procrastinate:action

  4. carve: turkey :: slice: cake

  5. revise(润色、修改): manuscript:: retouch(装饰、润色): picture

  6. disseminate: information:: foment :discontentment

  7. subpoena: witness :: conscript(强制征兵):soldier(双重对应:强行叫来)

  8. strike: medal :: mint(铸造): coin

  9. abdicate: throne :: resign: office

  10. assess: value :: plumb : depth

  11. expedite: process :: accelerate: pace

  12. illustrate: pictures :: particularize:details

  13. obstruct : progress :: stunt(阻碍生长):growth

  14. blow : horn :: pluck(拨琴): harp(竖琴)

  (四)消除关系

  1. quench/ extinguish : fire

  2. mitigate: severe:: qualify: general (qualify使有资格,就能消除一般性)

  3. assuage: sorrow:: dampen(泼冷水): ardor

  4. ballast: instability:: purchase(支点):slippage

  5. muffle: sound :: assuage: grief

  6. perturb: serenity:: reassure: doubt

  7. sterilization: micrograms::deforestation: trees

  8. antidote: poison:: tonic(补品,兴奋剂):lethargy

  9. renounce : pledge:: rescind :order

  10. expiate: guilt :: correct: error

  11. slake: thirst :: satiate: hunger

  12. detoxification: poison::neutralization: acid

  13. coutermand(撤销订货): order:: revoke(吊销):license(执照)

  14. illuminate: darkness :: educate:ignorance (无知对黑暗,对的何等的精彩!)

  15. pesticide: insect :: herbicide: plant

  16. alloy: purity :: thin: density

  17. mollify: anger:: hearten: dejection

  18. clarify: misunderstand :: retract:erroneous

  19. tedious: energy :: disturbing:composure

  20. dissolved: clot :: dispersed: crowd (双重对应:clot 和crowd都有一团的感觉)对比:disengaged:chain

  (五)事物及其功能

  1. ballast : stability :: girder: support

  2. foot: perambulate :: eye: observe

  3. glue: seal :: manure(肥料): fertilize

  4. blurb(大肆宣传): notice ::gloss : explanation

  5. blazon: adorn

  6. splint: immobilize :: duct(水渠): convey

  7. ruler: measure :: scale(秤): weight:: yardstick(码尺):length :: gauge(气压计): pressure

  8. die(模具): shaping ::drill : boring

  9. parenthesis: explanation :: apostrophe:omission :: ellipsis: omission :: asterisk: annotation :: caret : interpolation

  10. grandstand(正面看台):impress :: equivocate: deceive/mislead

  11. autobiography : reminisce :: eulogy:praise

  12. colander : drain

  13. tonic: stimulate :: analgesic : deaden(缓和)::sedative: pacity :: antiseptic : sterilize

  14. pillory: ridicule :: guillotine:execute

  15. stockade(畜栏): enclosure ::pillar : support

  (六)目的关系

  1. study: learn :: search : find

  2. mercenary(唯利是图的): money ::vindictive : revenge :: belligerent : fight(且皆为心理范畴)

  3. hoax: deceive :: filibuster: delay(这个很重要!)

  4. tender: acceptance :: exhibit :inspection

  (tender: to present for acceptance)

  5. stratagem : deceive :: concession :placate

  6. mediation: compromise :: prosecution(起诉):conviction(定罪)

  7. fertilize: grow :: immunize : resist

  8. blandishment: coax :: medal : honor

  9. distill: purity :: leaven(发面): volume

  10. pretense: deceive :: admonition :reprove

  11. oppose : thwart :: treat: cure



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