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新GRE考试摸考试题及答案(第十四套)

2016-07-21来源: 互联网浏览量:
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  GRE考试即将来临,考生们进入了紧张的GRE备考中,下面为大家整理了一套新GRE模考试题,并附有答案,赶快进行练习吧。更多GRE备考来自啄木鸟教育GRE频道!

  在备考GRE数学过程中,试题是必不可少的,本文为大家提供GRE数学几何试题,后面附有答案。

  1. The seventeenth-century physicist Sir Isaac Newton is remembered chiefly for his treatises on motion and gravity. But Newton also conducted experiments secretly for many years abased on the arcane theories of alchemy, trying unsuccessfully to transmute common metals into gold and produce rejuvenating elixirs. If the alchemists of the seventeenth century had published the results of their experiments, chemistry in the eighteenth century would have been more advance than it actually was.

  Which one of the following assumptions would allow the conclusion concerning eighteenth-century chemistry to be properly drawn?

  A. Scientific progress is retarded by the reluctance of historians to acknowledge the failures of some of the great scientists.

  B. Advances in science are hastened when reports of experiments, whether successful or not, are available for review by other scientists.

  C. Newton’s work on motion and gravity would not have gained wide acceptance if the results of his work in alchemy had also been made public.

  D. Increasing specialization within the sciences makes it difficult for scientists in one field to understand the principles of other fields.

  E. The seventeenth-century alchemists could have achieved their goal only if their experiments had been subjected to public scrutiny.

  【正确答案】B

  【解题思路】

  本题的类型是假设类,即所提出的假设是结论的一个必要条件。

  本题的前提是:如果17世纪的炼金术士们公开他们的实验结果

  本题的结论是:那么18世纪的化学将比其原来更为先进

  前提中的核心词是:实验结果。结论中的核心词是:先进。要使某一假设成为该结论的必要条件,必然要提到实验结果与先进的关系,因此本题可用找核心词的办法进行快速排除,只有选项B包含这两个核心词。

  2. Because of the recent transformation of the market, Quore, Inc., must increase the next two years, or it will certainly go bankrupt. In fact, however, Quore’s production structure is such that if a 10 percent productivity increase is possible, then a 20 percent increase is attainable.

  If the statements above are true, which one of the following must on the basis of them also be true?

  A. It is only Quore’s production structure that makes it possible for Quore to survive the transformation of the market.

  B. Quore will not go bankrupt if it achieves a productivity increase of 20 percent over the next two years.

  C. If the market had not been transformed, Quore would have required no productivity increase in order to avoid bankruptcy.

  D. Because of the transformation of the market, Quore will achieve a productivity increase of 10 percent over the next two years.

  E. If a 20 percent productivity increase is unattainable for Quore, then it must go bankrupt.

  【正确答案】E

  【解题思路】

  本题的类型是归纳类,即如果原文正确,可以得出什么结论或推出什么。

  可简化题干的表述为:

  ①transformation of the market(A)→Q increase its production(B)

  ②Q not increase its production(非B)→Q will go bankrupt(C)

  选项A的表述为:Q’s production structure→Q will not go bankrupt(非C),无法从题干中推出。

  选项B的表述为:Q increase production(B)→Q will not go bankrupt(非C),为②的逆命题, 不成立(原命题与其逆否命题等价)。

  选项C的表述为:market had not been transformed(非A)→Q will not need to increase its production(非B),为①的逆命题, 不成立(原命题与其逆否命题等价)。

  选项D的表述为:transformation of the market(A)→Q will achieve a productivity increase,无法从题干中推出。

  选项E的表述为:Q not increase production(非B)→Q will go bankrupt(C),与②一致。

  3. Terry: If you want to get a decent job, you should go to college.

  Mark: That is not true. There are other reasons to go to college than wanting to get a good job.

  Mark’s response shows that he interpreted Terry’s remarks to mean that

  A. college is one of many places to get trained for a job

  B. decent jobs are obtained only by persons who have gone to college

  C. wanting to get a decent job is the only reason for going to college

  D. training for decent jobs is available only at colleges

  E. all people who want decent jobs go to college

  答案:C

  思路:一般对Mark 的观点取非就可以了。

  A. 无关

  B. 偏

  C. 取非的结果,本题的关键在于other reasons

  D. 支持Terry的观点,不合本题要求。

  E. 无关


本文关键字:GRE考试,GRE摸考试题,GRE答案
编辑: Senna
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